When It All Started

History of Israel-Palestine Conflict

Daniela Dragas


As I watch the ongoing bloodshed in the Middle East and biased reporting that often follows, I feel the need to provide a concise summary based on historical facts.

My aim is to clarify my own thoughts and possibly offer some value to anyone who reads this.

To better understand the roots of the conflict that has persisted for decades and is now escalating to unprecedented levels, we must take a deep dive into history — a few thousand years deep that is!

Early History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict dates back to the 17th century BC when three patriarchs of Jewish people — Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob — settled in Kanaan, a region approximating present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, parts of Lebanon, Syria and Jordan.

Over time, this region became known as the Land of Israel, the Promised Land, the Palestine Region, or the Holy Land.

In 1000 BC, King Saul established the Israelite monarchy, which was later ruled by King David. King David made Jerusalem the capital of his kingdom and his son Solomon built the first temple in Jerusalem — The Temple of Solomon.

King Solomon dedicates the Temple at Jerusalem. Painting by James Tissot or follower, c. 1896–1902, Credit: Wikipedia (Public Domain)

After King Solomon’s death, the united monarchy was split into the Kingdom of Israel in the north with Samaria as the capital, and the Kingdom of Judah in the south with Jerusalem as the capital.

Although the land became home to the majority of Jews, it was subject to numerous conquests by various groups, leading to a significant decrease in the Jewish population.

One of these conquests was conducted by the Roman Empire in 63 BC.

The name Palestine was given to Judah by the Romans to break the Jewish connection with the land.

Christianity, which started as a Jewish sect, became a dominant religion towards the end of the Roman Empire.

In the 7th century, an Arab conquest started the spread of Islam. The Dome of the Rock was…